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    Genetic testing initiative for inherited retinal diseases shows great promise

    Editor’s Note: Welcome to “Eye Catching: Let's Chat,” a blog series featuring contributions from members of the ophthalmic community. These blogs are an opportunity for ophthalmic bloggers to engage with readers with about a topic that is top of mind, whether it is practice management, experiences with patients, the industry, medicine in general, or healthcare reform. The series continues with this blog by Joshua Mali, MD, a board certified vitreoretinal surgeon at The Eye Associates, a private multi-specialty ophthalmology practice in Sarasota, FL. The views expressed in these blogs are those of their respective contributors and do not represent the views of Ophthalmology Times or UBM Medica.

    Recently, I was watching a movie with my wife in which the plot revolved around the idea of futuristic medical technology and therapies including gene-targeted treatments. While most of it seemed far-fetched at best, there were some aspects that seemed not only feasible, but are actually being utilized in medicine today.

    With this as the backdrop, I have been encouraged as a retinal specialist with all the excitement and promising new treatments in gene therapy. Given that there are several retinal diseases with known inherited patterns and confirmed genetic loci responsible for the clinical manifestations, our field is primed to benefit from the expansion of knowledge in this arena.

    With the advent of genetic testing for inherited retinal diseases, this has provided another tool in our tool belt to help provide the most advanced care for our patients. The benefits of genetic testing include confirming clinical diagnosis to identify genetic disorders with systemic associations, provide information for family members, and potentially identifying patients that can benefit from gene targeted therapies.  

    A prime example of this is a new initiative called ID YOUR IRD, an inherited retinal disease (IRD) genetic testing program (Spark Therapeutics). According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), genetic testing is appropriate for most patients with presumed genetically caused retinal degeneration and plays an important role in improving the accuracy of diagnosis and prognosis, providing patients and families with specific inheritance risks, and guiding treatment decisions.1

    The ID YOUR IRD genetic testing panel includes 31 genes in which mutations have been found to cause certain early-onset, rod-mediated IRDs (see Figure 1). In particular, the three inherited retinal diseases that can be identified are retinitis pigmentosa (RP), choroideremia (CHM), and Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). Adult and pediatric patients with signs and symptoms suggestive of certain early-onset, rod-mediated IRDs who are U.S. residents are eligible for the ID YOUR IRD initiative. The company has partnered with PreventionGenetics, a CLIA and ISO-accredited laboratory, to provide the genetic test at no cost to your patients.Courtesy of Joshua Mali, MD

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    Joshua Mali, MD
    Joshua Mali, MD, is a vitreoretinal surgeon at The Eye Associates, a private multispecialty ophthalmology practice in Sarasota, Florida.

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